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Approche typologique des composants minimaux porteurs de sens dans plusieurs langues des signes (LS) se situant à divers degrés de communautarisation. Implications pour une typologie des LS et apports d’un premier examen phylogénétique des LS du Marajó (Brésil).

Abstract : The thesis examines the variation among sign languages (SLs), which was initially viewed as more limited than the range available in spoken languages (SpLs). This view is changing in light of recent studies in sign language typology that take into account non-institutional SLs, which have been rarely studied in the past. The theoretical framework adopted in this study, the Semiological Approach, argues that all SLs are rooted in iconicisation of perceptual-practical experience, and share highly-iconic constructions, termed Transfer Structures. We assume that the invariant aspect in SLs starts from the minimal meaning-bearing components, some of which are shared by lexical units. This study compares one of these iconic components, the handshape, through inventories from nine SLs from various geographical areas and with varying degrees of communitisation. The analysis of these inventories confirms the existence of a common nucleus of form-meaning units, following the same processes of iconicisation. Parallel results are found in the main study of the SL of Soure (Marajó, Brazil), a SL in the process of communitisation. The study is based on corpus data, collected on site in Soure. Taking a phylogenetic perspective, the proposed analysis highlights a shared lexicon and a frequency hierarchy of transfer structures similar to that identified in institutional SLs. Finally, we discuss the contribution of our theoretical approach to the study of cross-SL invariance.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 1, 2021 - 3:02:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:05:45 AM

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Emmanuella Martinod. Approche typologique des composants minimaux porteurs de sens dans plusieurs langues des signes (LS) se situant à divers degrés de communautarisation. Implications pour une typologie des LS et apports d’un premier examen phylogénétique des LS du Marajó (Brésil).. Linguistique. Université Paris 8 - Vincennes-Saint-Denis, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-03361554⟩

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