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Beneficial effects of hypotaurine supplementation in preparation and freezing media on human sperm cryo-capacitation and DNA quality

Abstract : Background: Although widely used, slow freezing considerably modifies the functions of human spermatozoa. Cryopreservation induces nuclear sperm alterations and cryo-capacitation, reducing the chances of pregnancy. Hypotaurine is naturally present in the male and female genital tracts and has capacitating, osmolytic and antioxidant properties. The analysis were performed on surplus semen of men with normal (n = 19) or abnormal (n = 14) sperm parameters. Spermatozoa were selected by density gradient centrifugation before slow freezing. For each sample, these steps were performed in parallel with ("H+" arm) or without ("H-" arm) hypotaurine supplementation. After thawing, we measured total and progressive mobility, vitality, acrosome integrity, markers of capacitation signaling pathway and nuclear quality. For the latter, we focused on sperm chromatin packaging, DNA fragmentation and the presence of vacuoles in the sperm nucleus. Results: Post-thaw spermatozoa selected and frozen in the presence of hypotaurine had a higher vitality (+ 16.7%, p < 0.001), progressive and total motility (+ 39.9% and + 21.6% respectively, p < 0.005) than spermatozoa from the control "H-" arm. Hypotaurine also reduced the non-specific phosphorylation of the capacitation protein markers P110 and P80 (p < 0.01), indicating a decrease in cryo-capacitation. Hypotaurine supplementation reduced chromatin decondensation, measured by chromomycin A3 (− 16.1%, p < 0.05), DNA fragmentation (− 18.7%, p < 0.05) and nuclear vacuolization (− 20.8%, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our study is the first to demonstrate beneficial effects of hypotaurine supplementation in preparation and freezing procedures on human spermatozoa sperm fertilization capacity and nucleus quality. Hypotaurine supplementation limited cryo-capacitation, increased the proportion of live and progressively motile spermatozoa and reduces the percentage of spermatozoa showing chromatin decondensation, DNA fragmentation and nuclear vacuolation.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 11:38:19 AM
Last modification on : Monday, May 23, 2022 - 2:46:30 PM

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Hanae Pons-Rejraji, Solène Vorilhon, Asmaa Difrane, Sandra Dollet, Céline Bourgne, et al.. Beneficial effects of hypotaurine supplementation in preparation and freezing media on human sperm cryo-capacitation and DNA quality. Basic and clinical andrology, BioMed Central, 2021, 31, ⟨10.1186/s12610-021-00144-6⟩. ⟨hal-03670153⟩

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