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Scaling in a Geothermal Heat Exchanger at Soultz-Sous-Forêts (Upper Rhine Graben, France): A XRD and SEM-EDS Characterization of Sulfide Precipitates

Abstract : The Soultz-Sous-Forêts geothermal site (France) operates three deep wells for electricity production. During operation, scales precipitate within the surface installation as (Ba, Sr) sulfate and (Pb, As, Sb) sulfide types. Scales have an impact on lowering energy production and inducing specific waste management issues. Thus scaling needs to be reduced for which a thorough characterization of the scales has to be performed. The geothermal brine is produced at 160 °C and reinjected at 70 °C during normal operation. In the frame of the H2020 MEET project, a small heat exchanger was tested in order to allow higher energy production, by reinjecting the geothermal fluid at 40 °C. Samples of scales were analyzed by XRD and SEM-EDS, highlighting that mostly galena precipitates and shows various crystal shapes. These shapes can be related to the turbulence of the flow and the speed of crystal growth. Where the flow is turbulent (entrance, water box, exit), crystals grow quickly and mainly show dendritic shape. In the tubes, where the flow is laminar, crystals grow more slowly and some of them are characterized by well-developed faces leading to cubes and derived shapes. The major consequence of the temperature decrease is the increased scaling phenomenon.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03275343
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Soumis le : jeudi 1 juillet 2021 - 08:55:06
Dernière modification le : mercredi 17 novembre 2021 - 15:57:06
Archivage à long terme le : : samedi 2 octobre 2021 - 18:25:51

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geosciences-11-00271.pdf
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Béatrice Ledésert, Ronan Hébert, Justine Mouchot, Clio Bosia, Guillaume Ravier, et al.. Scaling in a Geothermal Heat Exchanger at Soultz-Sous-Forêts (Upper Rhine Graben, France): A XRD and SEM-EDS Characterization of Sulfide Precipitates. Geosciences, MDPI, 2021, 11 (7), pp.271. ⟨10.3390/geosciences11070271⟩. ⟨hal-03275343⟩

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