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The fate of Hepatitis E virus capsid protein is regulated by an Arginine-Rich Motif

Abstract : Producing multifunctional proteins is one of the major strategies developed by viruses to condense their genetic information. Here, we investigated the molecular determinants of the multifunctionality of hepatitis E virus (HEV) ORF2 capsid protein. We previously identified 3 isoforms of ORF2 which are partitioned in different subcellular compartments to perform distinct functions. Notably, the infectious ORF2 (ORF2i) protein is the structural component of the virion, whereas the genome-free secreted and glycosylated ORF2 proteins likely act as a humoral immune decoy. We identified a 5 amino acid Arginine-Rich Motif (ARM) located in the ORF2 N-terminal region as a central regulator of the subcellular localizations and functions of ORF2 isoforms. We showed that the ARM controls ORF2 nuclear translocation, promoting regulation of host antiviral responses. This motif also regulates the dual topology and functionality of ORF2 signal peptide, leading to the production of either cytosolic infectious ORF2i or reticular non-infectious glycosylated ORF2 forms. Furthermore, the ARM likely serves as a cleavage site of the glycosylated ORF2 protein. Finally, it promotes ORF2 membrane association that is likely essential for particle assembly. In conclusion, our observations highlight ORF2 ARM as a unique central regulator of ORF2 addressing that finely controls the HEV lifecycle.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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Contributor : Laurence Cocquerel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, August 30, 2021 - 10:21:54 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 25, 2021 - 9:50:12 AM


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Kévin Hervouet, Martin Ferrié, Maliki Ankavay, Claire Montpellier, Charline Camuzet, et al.. The fate of Hepatitis E virus capsid protein is regulated by an Arginine-Rich Motif. 2021. ⟨hal-03327729⟩



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