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The MUSE Hubble Ultra Deep Field Survey XVI. The angular momentum of low-mass star-forming galaxies. A cautionary tale and insights from TNG50

Abstract : We investigate the specific angular momentum (sAM) j(< r) profiles of intermediate redshift (0.4 < z < 1.4) star-forming galaxies (SFGs) in the relatively unexplored regime of low masses (down to M ∼ 10 8 M) and small sizes (down to R e ∼ 1.5 kpc), and we characterize the sAM scaling relation (i.e., Fall relation) and its redshift evolution. We have developed a 3D methodology to constrain sAM profiles of the star-forming gas using a forward modeling approach with GalPaK 3D that incorporates the effects of beam smearing, yielding the intrinsic morpho-kinematic properties even with limited spatial resolution data. Using mock observations from the TNG50 simulation, we find that our 3D methodology robustly recovers the star formation rate (SFR)-weightedj (< r) profiles down to a low effective signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) of 3. We applied our methodology blindly to a sample of 494 [O ii]-selected SFGs in the MUSE Ultra Deep Field (UDF) 9 arcmin 2 mosaic data, covering the unexplored 8 < logM / M < 9 mass range. We find that the (SFR-weighted) sAM relation followsj ∝ M α with an index α varying from α = 0.3 to α = 0.5, from logM / M = 8 to logM / M = 10.5. The UDF sample supports a redshift evolutionj ∝ (1 + z) a , with a = −0.27 +0.42 −0.56 which is consistent with the (1 + z) −0.5 expectation from a universe in expansion. The scatter of the sAM sequence is a strong function of the dynamical state with log j| M ∝ 0.65 +0.06 −0.08 × log(V max /σ), where σ is the velocity dispersion at 2R e. In TNG50, SFGs also form aj − M − (V/σ) plane, but it correlates more with galaxy size than with morphological parameters. Our results suggest that SFGs might experience a dynamical transformation, and lose their sAM, before their morphological transformation to becoming passive via either merging or secular evolution.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03431255
Contributor : Nicolas Bouché Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 16, 2021 - 3:40:18 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, November 21, 2021 - 3:01:49 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Nicolas Bouché, Shy Genel, Alisson Pellissier, Cédric Dubois, Thierry Contini, et al.. The MUSE Hubble Ultra Deep Field Survey XVI. The angular momentum of low-mass star-forming galaxies. A cautionary tale and insights from TNG50. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2021, 654, pp.A49. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202040225⟩. ⟨hal-03431255⟩

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