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Comment favoriser des choix de goûters favorables à la santé au sein du binôme mère-enfant ? : effet d’une intervention « nutritionnelle » ou d’une intervention « hédonique »

Abstract : In France, the midafternoon snack is a frequent habit among children usually characterized by the consumption of fatty, sweet and high-energy-dense foods. If eating behaviours remain flexible and can evolve throughout the life, they are already strongly established during childhood. In this context, improve food habits in terms of midafternoon snack seem important. The thesis aim was therefore to assess the effectiveness of levers aimed at promoting healthy snack choices within mother-child dyads. A first experiment was conducted in order to assess the impact of a nutritional labelling system, the Nutri-Score, on the nutritional quality and on the liking of the snacks chosen within mother-child dyads. The results showed an improvement in the nutritional quality of midafternoon snacks chosen by the participants for themselves and for the other dyad member after labelling with the Nutri-Score. This improvement is accompanied by a decrease in the liking of the snacks chosen by children and mothers. A second experiment was conducted in order to assess the impact of a pleasure-based intervention conducted at home and mobilizing three dimensions of pleasure from eating (sensory, interpersonal and psychosocial) and on the nutritional quality of midafternoon snacks chosen in the laboratory in mother-child dyads. This intervention was also tested on different variables characterizing the nutritional composition of the midafternoon snack consumed at home by children. If the intervention did not improve the nutritional quality of the snacks chosen by the children and their mother in the laboratory, it reduced the energy content of snacks consumed at home by the children. This reduction would be due to a decrease in the quantities consumed. Results obtained in the context of this work could provide guidance for public authorities responsible for communication and recommendation on child nutrition.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 4, 2020 - 11:42:16 AM
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Delphine Poquet. Comment favoriser des choix de goûters favorables à la santé au sein du binôme mère-enfant ? : effet d’une intervention « nutritionnelle » ou d’une intervention « hédonique ». Psychologie. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020UBFCH006⟩. ⟨tel-02987866⟩

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