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Self-assembling thermostable chimeras as new platform for arsenic biosensing

Abstract : The correct immobilization and orientation of enzymes on nanosurfaces is a crucial step either for the realization of biosensors, as well as to guarantee the efficacy of the developed biomaterials. In this work we produced two versions of a chimeric protein, namely ArsC‑Vmh2 and Vmh2‑ArsC, which combined the self‑assembling properties of Vmh2, a hydrophobin from Pleurotus ostreatus, with that of TtArsC, a thermophilic arsenate reductase from Thermus thermophilus; both chimeras were heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli and purified from inclusion bodies. They were characterized for their enzymatic capability to reduce As(V) into As(III), as well as for their immobilization properties on polystyrene and gold in comparison to the native TtArsC. The chimeric proteins immobilized on polystyrene can be reused up to three times and stored for 15 days with 50% of activity loss. Immobilization on gold electrodes showed that both chimeras follow a classic Langmuir isotherm model towards As(III) recognition, with an association constant (KAsIII) between As(III) and the immobilized enzyme, equal to 650 (± 100) L mol−1 for ArsC‑Vmh2 and to 1200 (± 300) L mol−1 for Vmh2‑ArsC. The results demonstrate that gold‑immobilized ArsC‑Vmh2 and Vmh2‑ArsC can be exploited as electrochemical biosensors to detect As(III).
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03373940
Contributor : Alan Le Goff Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 5:30:03 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 16, 2021 - 3:32:57 AM

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Rosanna Puopolo, Ilaria Sorrentino, Giovanni Gallo, Alessandra Piscitelli, Paola Giardina, et al.. Self-assembling thermostable chimeras as new platform for arsenic biosensing. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11, ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-82648-9⟩. ⟨hal-03373940⟩

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