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L'entropie, de Clausius aux inégalités fonctionnelles

Ivan Gentil 1
1 EDPA - Équations aux dérivées partielles, analyse
ICJ - Institut Camille Jordan [Villeurbanne]
Abstract : In this document we are interested in entropy. Entropy is multiple, the idea is to describe the definition proposed by the physicist Clausius. Indeed, Clausius exposes in 1865 the second principle of thermodynamics and also proposes the concept of entropy. Instead of simply defining a functional, central point for the development of the second principle, it will in fact define a concept sufficiently general to be used in many fields of mathematics. In these few pages, I wish to show the role played by entropy in the field of gradient flows and functional inequalities. Starting from the definition of Clausius in 1865, I will try to explain how fundamental functional inequalities like Sobolev inequality, key point in analysis, are natural inked with a particular entropy. This path allows me to give an overview of the use of gradient flows in finite or infinite dimension, of Bakry-Emery theory and more recently of Otto's calculus.
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Contributor : Ivan Gentil <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 9, 2020 - 6:08:05 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 10:45:39 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02464182, version 2
  • ARXIV : 2011.05206

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Ivan Gentil. L'entropie, de Clausius aux inégalités fonctionnelles. 2020. ⟨hal-02464182v2⟩

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