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Uranium removal from mining water using Cu substituted hydroxyapatite

Abstract : In this study, synthetic copper substituted hydroxyapatite (Cu-Hap), Cu x Ca 10-x (PO 4) 6 (OH) 2 were prepared by co-precipitation method and were used as reactive materials in batch experiments to immobilize uranyl. The limit of incorporation of Cu into a single-phased Cu-Hap reached x Cu ≤1.59. The synthetic Cu-Hap samples obtained with various Cu contents were contacted with synthetic uranyl doped solutions and with real mining waters showing various pH and chemical compositions. A fast and strong decrease of the uranium concentration was observed, followed by the establishment of an equilibrium after 1-4 days of contact with the solutions. Examination of the solid phase after uranium uptake was performed using a combination of techniques. Depending on the composition of the solution and the copper content of the Cu-Hap, various mechanisms of uranium removal were observed. Based on the experimental results and geochemical simulations, it appeared that the main interest for using Cu-Hap is to enlarge the domain of water compositions for which the precipitation of meta-torbernite, (H 3 O) 0.4 Cu 0.8 (UO 2) 2 (PO 4) 2 ·7.6 H 2 O is the predominant mechanism associated to the uranium removal, especially for pH > 6.7 where carbonate uranium species are predominant.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 14, 2020 - 4:19:00 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 30, 2020 - 3:12:13 AM

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Stephanie Szenknect, Adel Mesbah, Michael Descostes, Abdoulaye Maihatchi-Ahamed, Laura Bonato, et al.. Uranium removal from mining water using Cu substituted hydroxyapatite. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Elsevier, 2020, 392, pp.122501. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.122501⟩. ⟨hal-02566929⟩

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