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E-cadherin dynamics is regulated by galectin-7 at epithelial cell surface

Abstract : Re-epithelialisation of wounded epidermis is ensured by collective cell migration of keratinocytes. Efficient collective migration requires the maintenance of intercellular adhesion, notably through adherens junctions, to favour cell communication, support tension forces and coordinated movement. Galectin-7, a soluble lectin expressed in stratified epithelia, has been previously implicated in cell migration and intercellular adhesion. Here, we revealed a new function of galectin-7 in the control of directionality and collective behaviour in migrating keratinocytes. Consistently, we identified galectin-7 as a direct partner of E-cadherin, a key component of adherens junctions. Unexpectedly, this interaction does not require glycosylation motifs. Focusing on the underlying mechanisms, we showed that galectin-7 stabilizes E-cadherin at the plasma membrane, restraining its endocytosis. Interestingly, galectin-7 silencing decreases E-cadherin-mediated intercellular adhesion. Consequently, this study not only identifies a new stabilizer of adherens junctions but also emphasises the importance of the interplay between E-cadherin turnover and intercellular adhesion strength.
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Submitted on : Sunday, January 3, 2021 - 3:05:08 AM
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Tamara Advedissian, Véronique Proux-Gillardeaux, Rachel Nkosi, Grégoire Peyret, Thao Nguyen, et al.. E-cadherin dynamics is regulated by galectin-7 at epithelial cell surface. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7 (1), pp.17086. ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-17332-y⟩. ⟨hal-02392031⟩



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