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Negative Group Delay Theory on Li Topology

Abstract : This paper investigates an innovative negative group delay (NGD) theory of ''li'' geometrical shape topology. The li-topology is an outstandingly simple and fully distributed circuit comprised of a coupled line (CL). The li S-parameter model taking into account the CL coupling coefficient, delay and attenuation is established. The NGD analysis showing the possibility to generate NGD condition with respect to the li topology parameters is developed. The NGD characteristics as NGD value, center frequency, bandwidth, transmission and reflection coefficient are expressed. The li-NGD theory is validated with two proofs-of-concept implemented in microstrip technology. Calculated models, simulations and measurements are in good correlation. As expected, bandpass NGD presenting center frequency at approximately 2.56 GHz and 0.92 GHz with NGD level of approximately −0.9 ns and −3.7 ns were realized with the small and large li prototypes. Outstanding time-domain analyses explaining the bandpass NGD meaning, with innovatively low attenuation output, were also presented. The time-domain results highlight li-output pulse signal envelopes in time advance without violating the causality. INDEX TERMS Distributed circuit, li-topology, microwave theory, negative group delay (NGD), S-matrix modelling.
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Contributeur : Nour Mohammad Murad <>
Soumis le : mercredi 2 septembre 2020 - 10:13:57
Dernière modification le : samedi 3 octobre 2020 - 03:29:42


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Blaise Ravelo, Lili Wu, Fayu Wan, Wenceslas Rahajandraibe, Nour Murad. Negative Group Delay Theory on Li Topology. IEEE Access, IEEE, 2020, 8, pp.47596-47606. ⟨10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2979453⟩. ⟨hal-02927129⟩



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