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Model Donor-Acceptor Systems for Organic Photovoltaics Investigated by Scanning Probe Microscopy

Abstract : During this thesis, model donor-acceptor (DA) systems for organic photovoltaics have been studied by non-contact atomic force microscopy (nc-AFM) and Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM). To enhance the understanding of the optoelectronic processes on the nanoscale, DA systems with better defined structural and electronic properties than the one of most bulk heterojunction blends (BHJ), have been studied.With DA phase-separations of below 10nm in organic photovoltaic systems, the highest possible resolution has to be achieved by KPFM to investigate optoelectronic processes. It has been shown that nc-AFM/KPFM measurements in the regime of short range (SR) forces can increase imaging resolution. In preparation of such investigations, the influence of the interaction regime on the topographic measurement via KPFM has been studied for a self-assembly of P3DDT on HOPG. It is demonstrated that imaging in the SR-regime not only increases the lateral resolution, but also assures a correct topographic height values.In a next step, DA blends of FG1:[70]PCMB have been studied by KPFM. For these BHJs, the structure and the scale of the DA phase-separation can be tuned via the liquid crystal behavior of the donor FG1. The in dark potential contrasts are consistent with surface and bulk morphology. The relationship between the surface photovoltage (SPV) and the tip-sample interaction regime has been analyzed. An optimal resolution for SPV imaging is obtained when measuring next to the onset of dissipation.Finally, a new generation of DA dyad with donor and acceptor moieties has been studied. Its self-assembly on HOPG has been determined via a comparative study by scanning tunneling microscopy and nc-AFM plus molecular mechanics and dynamics simulations. By KPFM the charge carrier generation and collection has been analyzed down to the level of a single molecular layer. A clear relationship between the dyads' molecular assembly and their photovoltaic properties can be established.
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Franz Fuchs. Model Donor-Acceptor Systems for Organic Photovoltaics Investigated by Scanning Probe Microscopy. Physics [physics]. Université de Grenoble, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENY036⟩. ⟨tel-01457027⟩

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