Human-Like Decision-Making for Automated Driving in Highways

Abstract : In this work, we present a decision-making system for automated vehicles driving in highway environments. The task is modeled as a Partially Observable Markov Decision Process, in which the physical states and intentions of surrounding traffic are uncertain. The problem is solved in an online fashion using Monte Carlo tree search. At each decision step, a search tree of beliefs is incrementally built and explored in order to find the current best action for the ego-vehicle. The beliefs represent the predicted state of the world as a response to the actions of the ego-vehicle and are updated using an interactionand intention-aware probabilistic model. To estimate the longterm consequences of any action, we rely on a lightweight model-based prediction of the scene that assumes risk-averse behavior for all agents. We refer to the proposed decisionmaking approach as human-like, since it mimics the human abilities of anticipating the intentions of surrounding drivers and of considering the long-term consequences of their actions based on an approximate, common-sense, prediction of the scene. We evaluate the proposed approach in two different navigational tasks: lane change planning and longitudinal control. The results obtained demonstrate the ability of the proposed approach to make foresighted decisions and to leverage the uncertain intention estimations of surrounding drivers.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-02188235
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 18, 2019 - 12:24:35 PM
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David Sierra González, Mario Garzón, Jilles Dibangoye, Christian Laugier. Human-Like Decision-Making for Automated Driving in Highways. ITSC 2019 - 22nd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Oct 2019, Auckland, New Zealand. ⟨hal-02188235⟩

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