Fatty Acid Composition of the Brain, Retina, Liver and Adipose Tissue of the Grey Mouse Lemur (Microcebus murinus, Primate) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Lipids Year : 2012

Fatty Acid Composition of the Brain, Retina, Liver and Adipose Tissue of the Grey Mouse Lemur (Microcebus murinus, Primate)

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Abstract

The particular interest in supplementing human foods with n-3 fatty acids has arisen from the findings that this series of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have an impact on neuronal functions. Indeed vertebrates, including humans, preferentially use docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) over other long-chain n-3 PUFA for the genesis of their neuronal and retinal membranes. The grey mouse lemur is a nocturnal prosimian primate originating from Madagascar. The increased use of this omnivorous primate in nutritional studies (chronic caloric restriction, n-3 fatty acids supplementation), justifies the interest of determining their fatty acids body composition. In the present study, we report the fatty acid composition in lipid classes from the main target tissues (brain, retina, liver and adipose tissue) of six adult mouse lemurs raised under laboratory nutritional conditions. Among the main findings, n-6-docosapentaenoic acid (n-6-DPA; 22:5n-6) is very low in the brain cortex and retina, whereas there is a very high accumulation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) in the neural tissues compared to liver and plasma. In particular, DHA accounts for about one half of the total fatty acids in the retina ethanolamine glycerophospholipids. This high concentration clearly indicates that DHA is efficiently transferred from blood lipids to the outer segment of the mouse lemur retina. We conclude that the mouse lemur n-3 PUFA metabolism efficiently drives DHA to neural tissues, through the blood-brain barrier and the blood-retina barrier.

Dates and versions

mnhn-02291938 , version 1 (19-09-2019)

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Fabien Pifferi, Martine Perret, Philippe Guesnet, Fabienne Aujard, Jean-Marc Alessandri. Fatty Acid Composition of the Brain, Retina, Liver and Adipose Tissue of the Grey Mouse Lemur (Microcebus murinus, Primate). Lipids, 2012, 47 (8), pp.793-801. ⟨10.1007/s11745-012-3686-x⟩. ⟨mnhn-02291938⟩
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