High BrdU Sensitivity of Passeriformes Chromosomes: Conservation of BrdU-Sensitive Fragile Sites on Their Z Chromosomes during Evolution - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Cytogenetic and Genome Research Year : 2019

High BrdU Sensitivity of Passeriformes Chromosomes: Conservation of BrdU-Sensitive Fragile Sites on Their Z Chromosomes during Evolution

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Abstract

Amongst 15 species of birds, belonging to 7 orders, recurrent breakages evocating the presence of fragile sites were detected in the chromosomes of the 5 species belonging to Passeriformes. These breaks appear when BrdU (5-bromodeoxyuridine) is added to the cell culture medium, at a dose inefficient for inducing chromosome structure alterations in other birds and mammals. They involve, similarly in male and female, 3 loci on the Z chromosome of 3 species of the genus Turdus (Turdidae). The labeling by BrdU antibody confirms the correlation between BrdU incorporation into DNA and breakage, especially around and in the sites of breakage. Thus, 3 BrdU-sensitive fragile sites are present on the Z chromosome of these birds. Three fragile sites were also detected at different locations in the Z chromosomes of the European Robin (Erithacus rubecula Muscicapidae), which suggests that a structural rearrangement occurred during the evolution of Turdidae and Muscicapidae. Chromosome banding confirms this interpretation. Finally, in the more distantly related species Parus major (Paridae), the almost acrocentric Z chromosome displays a single BrdU-sensitive fragile site on its short arm and the W appears to be pulverized by BrdU incorporation. Although it cannot be excluded that the BrdU-sensitive fragile sites may be involved in rearrangements, their conservation in many species and possibly all Passeriformes, provides evidence that they do not constitute a pejorative character during evolution.
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Dates and versions

mnhn-02365422 , version 1 (15-11-2019)

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Michèle Gerbault-Seureau, Jérôme Fuchs, Bernard Dutrillaux. High BrdU Sensitivity of Passeriformes Chromosomes: Conservation of BrdU-Sensitive Fragile Sites on Their Z Chromosomes during Evolution. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 2019, ⟨10.1159/000499590⟩. ⟨mnhn-02365422⟩
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