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DNA BARCODING IS A POWERFUL TOOL TO UNCOVER ALGAL DIVERSITY: A CASE STUDY OF THE PHYLLOPHORACEAE (GIGARTINALES, RHODOPHYTA) IN THE CANADIAN FLORA

Abstract : of the mitochondrial gene COI (cytochrome oxidase subunit I) is useful for rapid and reliable identification of red algal species and have demonstrated that our understanding of red algal biodiversity and biogeography is fragmentary. In this context, we are completing a thorough sampling along the Canadian coast and using the DNA barcode for the assignment of collections to genetic species to explore algal diversity in the Canadian flora. In the present study, we provide results regarding diversity of members of the red algal family Phyllophoraceae. We have analyzed 354 individuals from the Arctic, Atlantic, and Pacific coasts of Canada, as well as 26 specimens from the USA, Europe, and Australia, resolving 29 species based on the analyses of the DNA barcode. Twenty-three of these genetic species were present in Canada where only 18 species are currently recognized, including Ceratocolax hartzii Rosenv., which was in the same genetic species group as its host Coccotylus truncatus (Pall.) M. J. Wynne et N. J. Heine and is thus transferred to Coccotylus, C. hartzii (Rosenv.) comb. nov., but retained as a distinct species owing to its unique habit and phenology. Our results revealed the presence of cryptic diversity within the genera Coccotylus, Mastocarpus, Ozophora, and Stenogramme, for which we resurrect Coccotylus brodiei (Turner) Ku¨tz. and describe Mastocarpus pachenicus sp. nov., Ozophora lanceolata sp. nov., and Stenogramme bamfieldiensis sp. nov., leaving a multitude of unnamed Mastocarpus spp. in need of further taxonomic study. In addition, we report range extensions into British Columbia of Besa papillaeformis Setch., previously known only from its type and nearby localities in California; Gymnogongrus crenulatus (Turner) J. Agardh, recorded only from the Atlantic; and Stenogramme cf. rhodymenioides Joly et Alveal, previously only known from South America. Finally, the phylogenetic affinities of the Canadian species of Phyllophoraceae characterized in this study were investigated using LSU rDNA, RUBISCO LSU (rbcL), and combined analyses.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 4, 2020 - 3:17:40 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 18, 2020 - 2:35:04 PM

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Line Le Gall, Gary Saunders. DNA BARCODING IS A POWERFUL TOOL TO UNCOVER ALGAL DIVERSITY: A CASE STUDY OF THE PHYLLOPHORACEAE (GIGARTINALES, RHODOPHYTA) IN THE CANADIAN FLORA. European Journal of Phycology, Taylor & Francis, 2010, 46 (2), pp.374-389. ⟨10.1111/j.1529-8817.2010.00807.x⟩. ⟨mnhn-02498535⟩

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