A. I. Borthagaray, M. Arim, and P. A. Marquet, Inferring species roles in metacommunity structure from species co-occurrence networks, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.281, 2014.

A. Calvert, C. Bishop, R. Elliot, E. Krebs, T. Kydd et al., A synthesis of human-related avian mortality in Canada, Ecology, vol.8, issue.2, 2013.

T. Caro, Conservation by proxy: Indicator, umbrella, keystone, flagship, and other surrogate species, 2010.

T. Caro and G. Doherty, On the use of surrogate species in conservation biology, Conservation Biology, vol.13, pp.805-814, 1999.

, General view of China forestry sustainable development strategy research, pp.109-131, 2002.

P. E. Copenhaver-parry and D. M. Bell, Species interactions weakly modify climate-induced tree co-occurrence patterns, Journal of Vegetation Science, vol.29, pp.52-61, 2018.

C. X. Cunningham, V. Scoleri, C. N. Johnson, L. A. Barmuta, and M. E. Jones, Temporal partitioning of activity: Rising and falling top-predator abundance triggers community-wide shifts in diel activity, Ecography, vol.42, issue.12, pp.2157-2168, 2019.

C. F. Dormann, M. Bobrowski, D. M. Dehling, D. J. Harris, F. Hartig et al., Biotic interactions in species distribution modelling: 10 questions to guide interpretation and avoid false conclusions, Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol.27, pp.1004-1016, 2018.

S. Ducatez, Brood parasitism: A good strategy in our changing world?, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.281, 2014.

J. Ehrlén and W. F. Morris, Predicting changes in the distribution and abundance of species under environmental change, Ecology Letters, vol.18, pp.303-314, 2015.

C. D. Fitzgibbon, Mixed-species grouping in Thomson's and Grant's gazelles: The antipredator benefits, Animal Behaviour, vol.39, pp.1116-1126, 1990.

W. Gao, Ecology in Jankowski's Bunting, 2002.

P. Gong, H. Liu, M. Zhang, C. Li, J. Wang et al., Stable classification with limited sample: Transferring a 30-m resolution sample set collected in 2015 to mapping 10-m resolution global land cover in 2017, Science Bulletin, vol.64, pp.370-373, 2019.

N. J. Gotelli, Null model analysis of species co-occurrence patterns, Ecology, vol.81, pp.2606-2621, 2000.

Z. Han, L. S. Zhang, B. Qin, L. Wang, Y. Liu et al., Updated breeding distribution and population status of Jankowski's Bunting Emberiza jankowskii in China, Bird Conservation International, vol.28, pp.643-652, 2018.

Q. He, M. D. Bertness, and A. H. Altieri, Global shifts towards positive species interactions with increasing environmental stress, Ecology Letters, vol.16, pp.695-706, 2013.

M. H. Hesselbarth, M. Sciaini, K. A. With, K. Wiegand, and J. Nowosad, landscapemetrics: An open-source R tool to calculate landscape metrics, Ecography, vol.42, issue.10, pp.1648-1657, 2019.

R. J. Hijmans and J. Van-etten, raster: Geographic data analysis and modeling. R package version, vol.2, 2016.

J. Hillerislambers, P. B. Adler, W. Harpole, J. M. Levine, and M. M. Mayfield, Rethinking community assembly through the lens of coexistence theory, Evolution, and Systematics, vol.43, pp.227-248, 2012.

F. K. Hui, boral -Bayesian ordination and regression analysis of multivariate abundance data in R, Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol.7, pp.744-750, 2016.

K. Inoue, K. Stoeckl, and J. Geist, Joint species models reveal the effects of environment on community assemblage of freshwater mussels and fishes in European rivers, Diversity and Distributions, vol.23, pp.284-296, 2017.

Y. L. Jiang, W. Gao, F. M. Lei, H. T. Wang, D. M. Wan et al., Nesting biology and population dynamics of Jankowski's Bunting Emberiza jankowskii in Western Jilin, China. Bird Conservation International, vol.18, pp.153-163, 2008.

F. Jiguet, R. D. Gregory, V. Devictor, R. E. Green, P. Vo?íã?ek et al., Population trends of European common birds are predicted by characteristics of their climatic niche, Global Change Biology, vol.16, pp.497-505, 2010.

R. John, J. Chen, N. Lu, and B. Wilske, Land cover/land use change in semi-arid Inner Mongolia, Environmental Research Letters, vol.4, p.45010, 1992.

R. Julliard, J. Clavel, V. Devictor, F. Jiguet, and D. Couvet, Spatial segregation of specialists and generalists in bird communities, Ecology Letters, vol.9, pp.1237-1244, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00113560

A. Kassambara and F. Mundt, Package 'factoextra'. Extract and visualize the results of multivariate data analyses, p.76, 2017.

P. C. Le-roux, L. Pellissier, M. S. Wisz, and M. Luoto, Incorporating dominant species as proxies for biotic interactions strengthens plant community models, Journal of Ecology, vol.102, pp.767-775, 2014.

L. Viol, I. Jiguet, F. Brotons, L. Herrando, S. Lindström et al., More and more generalists: Two decades of changes in the European avifauna, Biology Letters, vol.8, pp.780-782, 2012.

J. W. Lee, H. J. Noh, Y. Lee, Y. S. Kwon, C. H. Kim et al., Spatial patterns, ecological niches, and interspecific competition of avian brood parasites: Inferring from a case study of Korea, Ecology and Evolution, vol.4, pp.3689-3702, 2014.

P. Legendre and L. F. Legendre, Numerical ecology, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00530195

S. R. Loss, T. Will, and P. P. Marra, Direct human-caused mortality of birds: Improving quantification of magnitude and assessment of population impact, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol.10, pp.357-364, 2012.

I. Morales-castilla, M. G. Matias, D. Gravel, and M. B. Araujo, Inferring biotic interactions from proxies, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol.30, pp.347-356, 2015.

F. Morelli, A. P. Møller, E. Nelson, Y. Benedetti, W. Liang et al., The common cuckoo is an effective indicator of high bird species richness in Asia and Europe, Scientific Reports, vol.7, p.4376, 2017.

K. Nekaris, A. P. Arnell, and M. S. Svensson, Selecting a conservation surrogate species for small fragmented habitats using ecological niche modelling, Animals, vol.5, issue.1, pp.27-40, 2015.

E. Ottosson, J. Nordén, A. Dahlberg, M. Edman, M. Jönsson et al., Species associations during the succession of wood-inhabiting fungal communities, Fungal Ecology, vol.11, pp.17-28, 2014.

O. Ovaskainen, N. Abrego, P. Halme, and D. Dunson, Using latent variable models to identify large networks of species-to-species associations at different spatial scales, Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol.7, pp.549-555, 2016.

O. Ovaskainen, D. B. Roy, R. Fox, and B. J. Anderson, Uncovering hidden spatial structure in species communities with spatially explicit joint species distribution models, Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol.7, pp.428-436, 2016.

O. Ovaskainen and J. Soininen, Making more out of sparse data: Hierarchical modeling of species communities, Ecology, vol.92, pp.289-295, 2011.

O. Ovaskainen, G. Tikhonov, A. Norberg, G. Blanchet, F. Duan et al., How to make more out of community data? A conceptual framework and its implementation as models and software, Ecology Letters, vol.20, pp.561-576, 2017.

L. J. Pollock, R. Tingley, W. K. Morris, N. Golding, R. B. O'hara et al., Understanding co-occurrence by modelling species simultaneously with a Joint Species Distribution Model (JSDM), Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol.5, pp.397-406, 2014.

. R-core-team, R: A language and environment for statistical computing, 2019.

K. V. Rosenberg, A. M. Dokter, P. J. Blancher, J. R. Sauer, A. C. Smith et al., Decline of the North American avifauna, Science, vol.366, issue.6461, pp.120-124, 2019.

A. Royan, S. J. Reynolds, D. M. Hannah, C. Prudhomme, D. G. Noble et al., Shared environmental responses drive co-occurrence patterns in river bird communities, Ecography, vol.39, pp.733-742, 2016.

C. Sanín and R. P. Anderson, A framework for simultaneous tests of abiotic, biotic, and historical drivers of species distributions: Empirical tests for North American wood warblers based on climate and pollen, The American Naturalist, vol.192, pp.48-61, 2018.

D. F. Sax and S. D. Gaines, Species diversity: From global decreases to local increases, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol.18, pp.561-566, 2003.

S. Tao, J. Fang, X. Zhao, S. Zhao, H. Shen et al., , vol.112, pp.2281-2286, 2015.

J. T. Thorson, J. N. Ianelli, E. A. Larsen, L. Ries, M. D. Scheuerell et al., Joint dynamic species distribution models: A tool for community ordination and spatio-temporal monitoring, Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol.25, pp.1144-1158, 2016.

G. Tikhonov, N. Abrego, D. Dunson, and O. Ovaskainen, Using joint species distribution models for evaluating how species-to-species associations depend on the environmental context, Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol.8, pp.443-452, 2017.

J. Traba and M. B. Morales, The decline of farmland birds in Spain is strongly associated to the loss of fallowland, Scientific Reports, vol.9, 2019.

A. I. Tulloch, I. Chadès, and D. B. Lindenmayer, Species co-occurrence analysis predicts management outcomes for multiple threats, Nature Ecology & Evolution, vol.2, pp.465-474, 2018.

J. Val, D. J. Eldridge, S. K. Travers, and I. Oliver, Livestock grazing reinforces the competitive exclusion of small-bodied birds by large aggressive birds, Journal of Applied Ecology, vol.55, pp.1919-1929, 2018.

J. A. Veech, A probabilistic model for analysing species co-occurrence, Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol.22, pp.252-260, 2013.

J. A. Veech, The pairwise approach to analysing species co-occurrence, Journal of Biogeography, vol.41, pp.1029-1035, 2014.

D. I. Warton, F. G. Blanchet, R. B. O'hara, O. Ovaskainen, S. Taskinen et al., So many variables: joint modelling in community ecology, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol.30, pp.766-779, 2015.

J. A. Wiens, G. D. Hayward, R. S. Holthausen, and M. J. Wisdom, Using surrogate species and groups for conservation planning and management, BioScience, vol.58, pp.241-252, 2008.

B. Wu and L. J. Ci, Landscape change and desertification development in the Mu Us Sandland, Northern China. Journal of Arid Environments, vol.50, pp.429-444, 2002.