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Journal Articles Evolutionary Applications Year : 2020

Evaluating the probability of CRISPR‐based gene drive contaminating another species

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Antoine Danchin
Pierre‐henri Gouyon

Abstract

The probability D that a given clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)‐based gene drive element contaminates another, nontarget species can be estimated by the following Drive Risk Assessment Quantitative Estimate (DRAQUE) Equation: urn:x-wiley:17524571:media:eva12939:eva12939-math-0001 with hyb = probability of hybridization between the target species and a nontarget species; transf = probability of horizontal transfer of a piece of DNA containing the gene drive cassette from the target species to a nontarget species (with no hybridization); express = probability that the Cas9 and guide RNA genes are expressed; cut = probability that the CRISPR‐guide RNA recognizes and cuts at a DNA site in the new host; flank = probability that the gene drive cassette inserts at the cut site; immune = probability that the immune system does not reject Cas9‐expressing cells; nonextinct = probability of invasion of the drive within the population. We discuss and estimate each of the seven parameters of the equation, with particular emphasis on possible transfers within insects, and between rodents and humans. We conclude from current data that the probability of a gene drive cassette to contaminate another species is not insignificant. We propose strategies to reduce this risk and call for more work on estimating all the parameters of the formula.
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Dates and versions

mnhn-02559844 , version 1 (04-06-2021)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Virginie Courtier‐orgogozo, Antoine Danchin, Pierre‐henri Gouyon, Christophe Boëte. Evaluating the probability of CRISPR‐based gene drive contaminating another species. Evolutionary Applications, 2020, ⟨10.1111/eva.12939⟩. ⟨mnhn-02559844⟩
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