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Differential expression of five prosomatostatin genes in the central nervous system of the catshark Scyliorhinus canicula

Abstract : Five prosomatostatin genes (PSST1 , PSST2 , PSST3 , PSST5 , and PSST6 ) have been recently identified in elasmobranchs (Tostivint et al., General and Comparative Endocrinology, 2019, 279, 139–147). In order to gain insight into the contribution of each somatostatin to specific nervous systems circuits and behaviors in this important jawed vertebrate group, we studied the distribution of neurons expressing PSST mRNAs in the central nervous system (CNS) of Scyliorhinus canicula using in situ hybridization. Additionally, we combined in situ hybridization with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunochemistry for better characterization of PSST1 and PSST6 expressing populations. We observed differential expression of PSST1 and PSST6 , which are the most widely expressed PSST transcripts, in cell populations of many CNS regions, including the pallium, subpallium, hypothalamus, diencephalon, optic tectum, midbrain tegmentum, and rhombencephalon. Interestingly, numerous small pallial neurons express PSST1 and PSST6 , although in different populations judging from the colocalization of TH immunoreactivity and PSST6 expression but not with PSST1 . We observed expression of PSST1 in cerebrospinal fluid‐contacting (CSF‐c) neurons of the hypothalamic paraventricular organ and the central canal of the spinal cord. Unlike PSST1 and PSST6 , PSST2 , and PSST3 are only expressed in cells of the hypothalamus and in some hindbrain lateral reticular neurons, and PSST5 in cells of the region of the entopeduncular nucleus. Comparative data of brain expression of PSST genes indicate that the somatostatinergic system of sharks is the most complex reported in any fish.
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Contributor : Hervé Tostivint Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 8, 2020 - 4:58:18 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 9:26:03 AM

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Daniel Sobrido‐cameán, Hervé Tostivint, Sylvie Mazan, María Celina Rodicio, Isabel Rodríguez‐moldes, et al.. Differential expression of five prosomatostatin genes in the central nervous system of the catshark Scyliorhinus canicula. Journal of Comparative Neurology, In press, ⟨10.1002/cne.24898⟩. ⟨mnhn-02860945⟩



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