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Reproductive performance in houbara bustard is affected by the combined effects of age, inbreeding and number of generations in captivity

Abstract : Abstract Although captive breeding programs are valuable for conservation, they have been shown to be associated with genetic changes, such as adaptation to captivity or inbreeding. In addition, reproductive performance is strongly age-dependent in most animal species. These mechanisms that potentially impact reproduction have often been studied separately, while their interactions have rarely been addressed. In this study, using a large dataset of nine male and female reproductive parameters measured for 12,295 captive houbara bustards ( Chlamydotis undulata undulata ) over 24 years, we investigated the relative and interactive effects of age, inbreeding and number of generations in captivity on reproduction. We clearly identified (1) senescence patterns in all parameters studied; (2) negative effects of inbreeding on sperm characteristics, display behavior, egg weight, egg volume and hatching probability; and (3) changes in phenotypic values for seven parameters according to number of generations in captivity. However, the effect sizes associated with age were substantially greater than those associated with inbreeding and number of generations in captivity. Beyond the independent effects of these three factors on reproductive parameters, the results highlighted their interactive effects and thus the importance of integrating them in the design of genetic management plans for conservation breeding programs.
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https://hal-mnhn.archives-ouvertes.fr/mnhn-03766603
Contributor : Alexandre Robert Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 1, 2022 - 11:48:04 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 2, 2022 - 3:48:54 AM

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Robin Rabier, Loïc Lesobre, Alexandre Robert. Reproductive performance in houbara bustard is affected by the combined effects of age, inbreeding and number of generations in captivity. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), pp.7813. ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-87436-z⟩. ⟨mnhn-03766603⟩

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