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Journal Articles Human Molecular Genetics Year : 2021

Effect of DNA repair inhibitor AsiDNA on the incidence of telomere fusion in crisis

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Abstract

Abstract Telomere fusions lead to a state of genomic instability, and are thought to drive clonal evolution and tumorigenesis. Telomere fusions occur via both Classical and Alternative Non-Homologous End Joining repair pathways. AsiDNA is a DNA repair inhibitor that acts by mimicking a DNA double strand break (DSB) and hijacking the recruitment of proteins involved in various DNA repair pathways. In this study, we investigated whether the inhibition of DSB-repair pathways by AsiDNA could prevent telomere fusions during crisis. The present study showed that AsiDNA decreased the frequency of telomere fusions without affecting the rate of telomere erosion. Further, it indicated that AsiDNA does not impact the choice of the repair pathway used for the fusion of short dysfunctional telomeres. AsiDNA is thought to prevent short telomeres from fusing by inhibiting DNA repair. An alternative, non-mutually exclusive possibility is that cells harbouring fusions preferentially die in the presence of AsiDNA, thus resulting in a reduction in fusion frequency. This important work could open the way for investigating the use of AsiDNA in the treatment of tumours that have short dysfunctional telomeres and/or are experiencing genomic instability.
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Dates and versions

mnhn-03879689 , version 1 (06-12-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Chloé Subecz, Jian-Sheng Sun, Lauréline Roger. Effect of DNA repair inhibitor AsiDNA on the incidence of telomere fusion in crisis. Human Molecular Genetics, 2021, 30 (3-4), pp.172-181. ⟨10.1093/hmg/ddab008⟩. ⟨mnhn-03879689⟩
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