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The Xanthate Route to Indolines, Indoles, and their Aza Congeners

Abstract : Convergent routes to a variety of indolines, indoles, oxindoles, and their aza analogues involving radical additions of xanthates are described. Three approaches are summarized. The first is the least general and relies on the generation of aryl or heteroaryl radicals starting from diazonium salts. The second involves radical addition to N-allylanilines followed by ring-closure onto the aromatic core. A large variety of indolines and azaindolines can thus be obtained and, in many cases, converted into the corresponding indoles and azaindoles by various methods. The synthesis of novel fluoroazaindolines and fluoroazaindoles by a rare homolytic ipso-substitution of fluorine atoms is particularly noteworthy. The last approach hinges on the direct modification of indoles by radical addition to the pyrrole subunit of the indole nucleus. Application of this methodology to the total synthesis of melatonin and the alkaloids mersicarpine, caulerpine, and the pentacyclic skeleton of tronocarpine is briefly discussed. Most of the compounds described herein would be difficult to obtain by more traditional routes.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03416856
Contributor : Samir Zard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 5, 2021 - 1:20:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:31:22 AM

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Samir Zard. The Xanthate Route to Indolines, Indoles, and their Aza Congeners. Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2020, 26 (56), pp.12689-12705. ⟨10.1002/chem.202001341⟩. ⟨hal-03416856⟩

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